423 Hatchery Cir. Spearfish, SD 57783
D.C. Booth Historic National Fish Hatchery and Archives was constructed to propagate, stock, and establish trout populations in the Black Hills. After a successful production history, the hatchery shutdown in the 80s. The site reopened as a archive to preserve the historic and cultural heritage of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services. Visitors can stroll the hatchery grounds from sunup to sunset 365 days a year. Feed the fish, visit the museum and railcar, and take in the stunning natural beauty of the hatchery grounds. – 605-642-7730


Once the gold rush started, the city was founded in 1876 at the mouth of Spearfish Canyon, and was originally called Queen City. Spearfish grew as a supplier of foodstuffs to the mining camps in the hills. Even today, a significant amount of truck farming and market gardening still occurs in the vicinity. In 1887, the accepted history of gold mining in the Black Hills was thrown into question by the discovery of the Thoen Stone. 

Plague marking the discovery of the Thoen Stone in Spearfish

Story of the Thoen Stone

Discovered by Louis Thoen on the slopes of Lookout Mountain, the stone appears to be the last testament of Ezra Kind. Kind, along with six others, entered the Black Hills in 1833. This was a time when whites were forbidden by law and treaty from entering the area. The group “got all the gold (they) could carry” in June 1834, and were subsequently “killed by Indians beyond the high hill.” It may seem unlikely that someone who had no gun and was being hunted down would take the time to carve his story in sandstone. However there is corroborating historical evidence for the Ezra Kind party.


Spearfish is an outdoor enthusiasts dream. With year round activities that include hiking, biking, ice climbing, snowmobiling, and more. Participate in one of the towns many marathons and races, take in an Friday night concert, or cruise through the scenic beauty of Spearfish Canyon.


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